Otoplasty can help to change the shape, size and position of one's ears and also fix misshapened ears due to injuries or birth defects. The procedure helps to create a natural shape, while bringing balance and proportion of the ear to one’s face. Some common concerns include:
- Overly large ears, commonly referred to as Macrotia
- Protruding ears in varying degrees
- Ears where the tip folds down or trends forward
- Abnormally large ear lobes
- The appearance of the ears' outer rim or natural folds
Certain corrections can be done immediately after birth, while others can be treated as one progresses towards adulthood. In adults, surgery can be performed under sedation supplemented with local anaesthesia. In children, general anaesthesia is used. The resulting small scar is typically behind the ear and out of view, and will fade over time, becoming barely noticeable.
The patient may need bandages over the ears for several days after surgery, and will need to refrain from washing his or her hair during the initial stage of recovery. After the removal of the bandages, a supportive headband is worn over the ears at night.
Patients can return to school or work within a week of the surgical procedure, while regular activity and exercise can restart within two weeks.